HERODOTI LIBRI NOVEM Quibus Musarum Sunt Nomina
[Venice: Aldus Manutius, 1502. First Edition, Editio Princeps Folio, Printed in Green type, with the Aldine anchor on the title and last page. Bound in full eighteenth century French crimson levant morocco, stamped in gilt, triple gilt filets on the sides and gilt inside borders, marble end papers, AEG. A previous cataloger speculated that the binding "was in all probability by Derome," although a bookseller who looked at it said, "probably not." Part of the lower right of the title-page has been restored barely affecting a few letters of the dedication letter on the verso, there are some contemporary manuscript marginalia on some leaves. With the bookplate of Edith Rockefeller McCormick. A fine large copy, with wide margins of one of Aldus' most carefully edited and beautifully printed works. Adams H-394; Ahmanson-Murphy 62 & 62a; Dibdin II, p. 19; Dibdin, Introduction (1804), p. 152; PMM 41; Renouard, Annnales 8 (p. 35). (Item ID: 55083)
From Wikipedia: "Herodotus) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus, Caria (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (c. 484&425 BC). Widely referred to as "The Father of History" (first conferred by Cicero), he was the first historian known to collect his materials systematically and critically, and then to arrange them into a historiographic narrative. The Histories—the only work he is known to have produced—is a record of his "inquiry" (or historía, a word that passed into Latin and acquired its modern meaning of "history"), being an investigation of the origins of the Greco-Persian Wars and including a wealth of geographical and ethnographical information. Although some of his stories were fanciful and others inaccurate, he states he was reporting only what was told to him and was often correct in his information. Despite Herodotus' historical significance, little is known of his personal history. Today, The Histories is generally regarded as a masterpiece of non-fiction." Tom Holland: "His great work is many things & the first example of non-fiction, the text that underlies the entire discipline of history, the most important source of information we have for a vital episode in human affairs & but it is above all a treasure trove. The ostensible goal of The Histories is to explain what would now be termed "the clash of civilizations": the inability of the peoples of east and west to live together in peace. Herodotus was writing within living memory of an event so epic that it continues to thrill and astonish to this day: the repulse in 480BC of a full-scale invasion of Greece, led by the King of Persia, Xerxes. Since the Persian empire was at the time the greatest power on the planet, its defeat struck the Greeks as a barely believable triumph: it was the most astounding victory of all time. Herodotus agreed with this judgment, and his account of the battles of Marathon, Thermopylae and Salamis makes for a narrative as thrilling as one could hope to read. Nevertheless, what is most striking about his history is not any tone of triumphalism, but how lacking it is in chauvinism. Not for nothing was he condemned in antiquity as a philobarbaros & a "lover of barbarians".