Augsburg: [C. Daberholtzer for Marcus Welser] At the sign of the Pine, 1613. First Edition. 4to, pp. [xii], 280, , 2 blanks]. Illustrated with six full page and 21 text woodcuts, with a woodcut title device. Bound in contemporary vellum over thin soft boards, ms spine title. A fine copy (spot on two leaves), early ownership signature of D. Attanzio Arcelli. Krivatsy 8979; RISM B VI2 654; UCBA I:1603; Cicognara 1759;. Item #52482
This is the first edition of this illustrated encyclopaedia of the duties of rural and urban servants in the ancient world. This covers the family life and legal status of a wide range of tradesmen and blue collar workers: gladiators, scribes, bookkeepers, musicians, physicians and surgeons, comedians, artisans, tutors, gardeners, cooks, midwives, teachers and fishermen. There are plates of musical instruments, ball players, ships, jewelry and a wine cellar. The text draws on ancient, medieval and contemporary sources. The distinguished doctor Fabricus ab Aquapendente contributed a short essay on food addressed to the Augusburg merchant and historian Marcus Welser. A learned antiquary born in Padua in 1591, Pignoria was educated by the Jesuits and a canonry of Treviso was conferred upon him by cardinal Fr. Barberini. This present work is called "a valuable work" although criticised as being diffuse. This offers an interesting glimpse into the working of the classical household.