London: J. Tonson, 1732. First Edition. 8vo, pp. [xiv], 350; [viii], 358. Tipped to the front blank is an engraved portrait of the author by Aveline. There is an ownership signature of "Twells" in the right margin of each title-page and the note: "Given by the author" in a contemporary, although unknown hand, along the top margin of the title-page in volume 1. Engraved scene on each title-page. Ex-Library copy with stamps on the bottom margin of the first two pages of text. Bound in modern calf backed boards. A very good clean set. Rothschild 374. Printing and the Mind of Man 176(n). Item #35809
First edition of Berkeley"s attempt at the refutation of the current forms of free-thinking, composed while he was resident in America and including some important observations relevant to that part of the world. The second volume also includes what is functionally the third edition of his ESSAY TOWARDS A NEW THEORY OF VISION, first published in 1709. Praised by Adam Smith as "one of the finest examples of philosophical analysis that is to be found, either in our own,or in any other language", the New theory of vision was accepted in France by Voltaire, Condillac and Diderot (Keynes pp. 7-8)
Bishop Berkeley, was an influential Irish philosopher whose primary philosophical achievement is the advancement of what has come to be called subjective idealism, summed up in his dictum, "Esse est percipi" ("To be is to be perceived"). The theory states that individuals can only directly know sensations and ideas of objects, not abstractions such as "matter"