Paris: Franklin, 1795. Second Impression of the first edition, labeled "Second Edition" but has the same errors in pagination as the first. 8vo, pp. [viii], 9-194 (ie. 192, pp. 153/154 non existant), frontis portrait of Carrier bound in on a stub, bound with the half-title in original sewn wraps, housed in a custom clam shell box. Untrimmed, some toning to the first half dozen leaves, a very nice clean copy. Martin & Walter I, 950; Lemiere 17. Item #27541
The "First Revolutionary Communist", French political agitator and revolutionary, Francois Noel (Gracchus) Babeuf (1760-1797) led the so called "Conspiracy of Equals" against the French Directory. This was the first violent attempt to install socialism in a country. The plot was denounced and a wave of arrests were made on May 10, 1796. A High Court of Justice was held in Vendome in October of 1796 and Babeuf was executed.
In this tract, Babeuf condemns the policy of the Republican armies of Robespierre as genocidal against the rebellion in La Vendee. Jean Baptiste Carrier (1756-1794) was said to be responsible for the execution and murder of 15,000 men, women and children, on the orders of the "Convention" until recalled by the Committee of Public Safety in 1794. He was finally brought before the Revolutionary Tribunal and executed in 1794.