Oneida, NY: Office of the American Socialist, 1877. Second edition. 8vo, pp. 32. Printed wraps, fine. Item #19443
Born in Brattleboro, VT., Noyes (1811-1886) graduated from Dartmouth in 1830 and studied law at Andover and Yale. Reacting against Calvinism, he combined prefectionist and adventist beliefs in a personal theology. He developed a society known as the Bible Communists of Putney, VT. Amongst other doctrines, he professed free love and powers of healing. Arrested on a charge of adultury, he broke jail and fled to western NY where he and his followers founded Oneida in 1848. He lived in Oneida for 30 years before fleeing to Canada ahead of the law. As part of his theology of free love and limitation of offspring, Noyes and the Oneida Community practiced a form of birth control in which couples would not complete the sex act; so that conception did not take place.